Presentation and Objectives
Since the beginning of the 90s, the confluence of violent internal conflicts and humanitarian crisis has posed a major challenge for aid practitioners, researchers and policy makers. Assuming that underdevelopment and poverty are linked to violent conflict, development cooperation has been increasingly considered as a tool for peace and security.
This identification between both objectives, development and security, has resulted in the emergence of the notion of human security, understood as security of people -not of the states- in their daily lives, guaranteed not by the armies but through human development. However, in recent years, and especially after the 11-S, there is an increased trend among donor governments to subordinate their development policies to the achievement of national security objectives and not that much human security objectives.
At the same time, during the past two decades, post-conflict rehabilitation and peacebuilding efforts have intended to fill the gap between the emergency oriented humanitarian action and the longer term oriented development cooperation. As theory and practice have showed, humanitarian and development aid require being a lot more sensitive to the causes, consequences and problems associated with violent conflict in order to have a positive impact in terms of peace and security.
Therefore, the general purpose of this Summer School is to offer a space for training and debate on the recent theory and methodology perspectives about the links between development cooperation, peace and conflict. More specifically, the objectives are:
To reflect on the evolution and trends in international security and the characteristics of post-Cold War armed conflictivity.
To analyse the interactions between development cooperation, humanitarian action and peacebuilding in conflict and post-conflict rehabilitation settings.
To deepen in the potential and varied experiences of the role of civil society in resisting violent conflict and implementing peace initiatives.
To rethink the notions of peace and security taking into account gender as a tool for conflict analysis.
To discuss the peace and security policy of the European Union.
This Summer School is organised by HEGOA-Institute of Development and International Cooperation Studies, at the University of the Basque Country, in collaboration with the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI).
This School is supported by the Development Cooperation Department of the Basque Government.